tackling the social + environmental costs of globalisation

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  • Tackling the social + Environmental costs of Globalisation
    • Recycling, reusing, Refusing
      • Whales - Law 5p a bag
      • reduces jobs
      • helps to reduce GHG emissions
      • less landfill sites
    • Fair Trade
      • attempts to reduce economic unfairness of globalisation
      • coffeee- more money goes to growers/producers
      • goods can be expensive
      • as schemes grow becomes hard to monitor how fair they are
      • more awareness
    • Trade Reforms
      • gov  + international aid tried to improve terms of trade for poor nations
      • European Farmers - resist measures that open up new markets to create competition
    • Buying Local Produce
      • cheaper to buy locally than import
      • drinking water much cheaper from taps and more available
        • Fiji water transported to UK from 16,000km away
      • supports local business
      • reduces GHGE
      • more forests destroyed due to more land use
      • producing winter crops creates more CO2 than importing
    • Organic Buying
      • producing food without chemical fertilisiers and pesticides
      • products normally expensive
      • importing makes it energy intensive
      • reduces pesticides pollution
    • Carbon Credits
      • EU ETS
      • sets an allowance on the amount of GHG a company produces
        • if within limit can sell credits to other companies who need it
      • not a solution to climate change
      • it hasn't encouraged green technology
    • bio fuels + green technology
      • made from plants to make them greener
      • can be used instead of fossil fuels
      • still emits CO2
      • causes deforestation in Malaysia where they produce palm oil
    • Green Taxes
      • adding tax to cost of flights or road
        • e.g. London Congestion Charge
          • £8 a day added to London Transport Budget
        • to try and reduce GHGE
      • may penalise poor
      • congestion in London decreased by 30%
      • encourages people to use public transport
  • still emits CO2


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