Systems software - The OS

  • Created by: Tomiwaq
  • Created on: 29-03-19 09:58
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  • Systems software - The OS
    • Uses of the OS
      • OS communicates with internal and external hardware via the device drivers
      • Provide a user interface, allowing a user to interact with the computer
      • Provide a platform for different applications to run
      • Allow the computer to multi-task
      • Deal with file management and disk managements
      • Manage security and user accounts
    • Device drivers
      • Let the OS and hardware talk
      • Every piece of hardware connected to the computer system requires a device driver
      • Drivers act as a translator for the signals
      • If new hardware is connected to the computer, the system will install a new matching driver
      • Updates ensure fixed bugs, added features or improve performance
    • User interfaces
      • A user interface allows the user to interact with a computer
      • GUIs are the most common type
      • GUIs are optimised for specific input methods
      • A command-line interface is text based
        • Less resource-heavy than GUIs
        • Not suitable for everyday users
        • Far more efficient and powerful than GUI
        • Used to automate processes using scripts
    • Multi-tasking
      • OS provides a platform to run apps
      • OS that can run multiple apps are called multi-tasking OSs
      • OS helps the CPU carry out multi-tasking by managing memory
        • OS moves necessary parts of the app to memory
        • To run multiple apps, the OS needs to make sure the apps don't overwrite or interfere
        • Only one app is processed by the CPU
          • The OS divides CPU time between open apps for efficiency
        • When required, the OS organises the movement of data to and from virtual memory
    • File and disk management
      • File extensions tell the computer which software should be used to open files
      • OS is responsible for file management.
      • OS deals with the movement, editing and deletion of data
      • OS manages the hard disk
        • Splits the physical disk into storage sectors
      • OS organises and maintains the hard disk with utility software
    • User accounts
      • OS can be single-user or multi-user
        • Single users
          • Allows one user to use the computer at once
        • Multi-users
          • Allows several users to use the computer at the same time
      • OS is responsible for user account control
      • OS have their own anti-theft measures to prevent outsiders


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