Surgery through time

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  • Surgery through time
    • Medieval
      • Blood Loss
        • cauterisation
        • no blood transfusion
        • high death
      • Pain
        • no anaesthetics
        • mistakes often
        • Herbal anaesthetics
          • overdose
        • patients tied
      • Surgical skill and training
        • skill
          • speed
        • War
          • John Bradmore
            • Arrow Cup
      • Infection
        • Galen
          • pus good
        • Hugh and Lucca of Theodoric
          • honey + wine
          • largely ignored
        • dirty
      • Human Anatomy
        • Galen
        • Church
          • disapproved dissection
        • discoveries ignored
    • Renaissance
      • Surgical skill and training
        • 1600's
          • college of Physicians
        • mainly apprenticeships
      • Infection
        • not understood
        • Pare
          • dirty ligatures
      • Human Anatomy
        • Vesalius
          • jaw
        • Harvey
          • heart
        • John Hunter
          • dissection
          • fewer amputations
      • Pain
        • no anaesthetics
        • herbs/alcohol/opium
          • overdose
        • mistakes
      • Blood Loss
        • Ligatures
          • effective but slow
        • no blood transfusion
        • cauterisation
    • Industrial
      • Pain
        • Chloroform 1847
          • surgeons overconfident
          • more effective
          • relaxed
          • criticism
        • laughing gas/ether
          • not effective
      • Blood Loss
        • Lister
          • antiseptic ligature
        • no transfusions
      • Infection
        • antiseptic
          • Lister 1867
            • carbolic acid
        • other surgeons
          • aseptic 1886
      • Human Anatomy
        • science acceptance
      • Surgical skill and training
        • no  rush
        • license
        • experience
        • surgeons college 1800
    • Modern
      • Pain
        • safe anaesthetics
        • side effects
          • medication
      • Infection
        • aseptic
        • antibiotics
      • Blood Loss
        • 1901 transfusions
        • blood banks
      • Surgical skill and training
        • university
        • complex operations
      • human anatomy
        • dissection
        • easily shared
        • digital

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