suicide

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  • suicide
    • Durkheim / positivists
      • Quantitative -  comparative - various countries and subgroups - reliable social facts - causal theory
      • findings and conclusions
        • -Vary between country but remain stable - higher rates in protestant then catholic - higher rates in single people - rates rose during times of national crisis
        • conclusions
          • stability shows suicide rates are determined by social factors which are the same within a country
      • theory
        • too little or too much social control causes suicide
        • too much / too little regulation
        • lack of integration - EGOISTIC over integration - ALTRUISTIC lack of regulation - ANOMIC  over regulation - FATALISTIC
      • Walbach - residence is important - alone in urban areas = isolated lives = suicide
      • -Northern Ireland - rise in suicde 2010              -Financial crisis              -Teachers      -Religion
      • strengths and weaknesses
        • Cavan - higher rates in Chicago - high levels of integration
        • Sainsburys - suicide rates high where there is socila disorganisation
        • too readily accept OCS
    • interpretivist /action
      • Douglas - OCS dont take into consideration the is it/isnt it suicide debate - Case studies - diary's
        • -Revenge - Search for help - Repentance - Escape
      • Atkinson - Coroner bias - qualitative - informal interviews and inquests - clues coroners use - suicide note - mode of death - location and circumstance - life history
      • Believe sociologists should look at the individual meaning
      • Dorais - 32 in depth informal interviews - gay men who had attempted suicide - isolated and unintegrated
      • Baechler - Case studies - support Diuglas's claim
      • too readily accept OCS
    • Realist / Taylor
      • Qualitative - 32 cases of 'one under's'
      • Ectopic - private - submissive - certain about themselves - thanatation - uncertain about themselves - Symphysic - others - sacrifice - certain about others - appeal - uncertain about others
      • conc. - key = the way individuals feel about themselves and those closest too them - complex - risk taking
      • theory
        • not a clear cut distinction between fake and real suicides - most fall in between - parasuicides - risk taking
      • Ettinger and flordah - 90% of 500 cases of suicide were gambles with fate - validity
      • postmods - grandtotalising theory of suicide - all knowledge is uncertain - all theories equal - partial view

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