• Created by: sammilaw
  • Created on: 01-04-15 12:40
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  • Suffragists
    • 1866-1903
    • Constitutional path to reform
      • Dilemma: had to rely on Parliament to pass Laws in order to achieve W.S.
      • Tactic: encourage MPs into proposing Private Members' Bills
      • NUWSS coordinated the campaign for W.S. and remained a constitutionalist society
        • Radical suffragists - often on the border of breaking the Law
        • Formed mainly of MIDDLE & UPPER class women - did not work, had more time
    • Liberal Party
      • Liberals accounted for MORE THAN 2/3s of the pro-suffrafe movement
      • Leadership: NOT in favour. Had 'greater problems' i.e. poverty and Ireland
    • Suffragist split
      • 1888 - split over Ireland home rule
      • The Parliament Street Society's view of supporting suffrage bills that excluded married women = split
        • 1889 - Women's Franchise League (Votes for ALL women)
      • Societies grouped themselves in a National organisation - NUWSS
        • Led by MILLICENT FAWCETT
    • BILLS
      • WOODALL'S AMENDEMENT - 1884. equal franchise with men
        • Opposed by Gladstone (Liberal):
          • 1. He believed in separate spheres
          • 2. Concerned that the amendment would lead to a rejection of the whole bill
          • 3. Feared that if women were given the vote, they would vote Conservative and reduce the Liberals popularity
          • Consequence: Decline in income to suffragist movement (1884-1900)
            • Suggests  SIGNIFICANT LOSS OF SUPPORT
      • REFORM BILL - 1867
        • Proposed an amendment to substitute the word 'man' for 'person' - to include women
          • Defeated by 196 votes to 73.
        • A year earlier, Barbara Bodichon formed the Women's Suffrage Committee - collected 1,500 signatures in a fortnight
        • Introduced as a Private Members' Bill - passed FIRST & SECOND readings
        • Was defeated when Gladstone (PM) made it clear that the government should not support W.S.
      • 250,000 signatures on a petition presented to Parliament
        • Passed SECOND reading (first time since RP in 1870)


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