Success and Failure of Dieting

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  • Created by: Sandeep
  • Created on: 25-12-13 16:17
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  • Success and failure of dieting
    • Restraint theory
      • Herman and Mack 1975
      • (Herman and Polivy 1984) Boundary Model
        • (Ogden 2007) - Cannot explain anorexics as they can continue to starve.
      • Dietary restraint leading to overeating (Wardle and Beales 1988)
        • Support: Wardle and Beales (1988)- obese women assigend to groups, diet, excercise and non-treatment. Women in diet condition ate more than excercise and non-treatment.
    • Denial
      • Wegner et al (1987) - White Bear task
      • Denial leads to over-thinking and making the thought more prominent.
      • Theory of ironic processes of mental control: As soon as a food is denied, it simultaneously becomes more attractive.
        • Support: Sotens et al 2006; those that were restrained on eating used more thought suppresion and thought more about food afterwards, whereas the unrestrained did not.
    • Detail
      • Redden (2008) - the attention we put into the detail of food. Think of details of food instead of "not another salad", such as the tomatoes and the lettuce etc.
      • Thejelly beans experiment: Bean number 7 - bored participants, cherry flavor number 7, more enjoyment.
    • IDA
      • Culture bias: Asian adults more prone to obesity than Europeans. Asian children have a greater central fat mass when compared to Europeans.
      • Free will or determinism? We may be hard-wired genetically to become obese.
    • A03
      • Limitations of anecdotal evidence: Not 100% accurate due to retrospective recall.
  • Redden (2008) - the attention we put into the detail of food. Think of details of food instead of "not another salad", such as the tomatoes and the lettuce etc.

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