subjectivity objectivity

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  • Created by: lw121x
  • Created on: 29-05-15 11:20
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  • subjectivity, objectivity and value free dom
    • Functionalism
      • Sociological research should avoid subjectivity, soc sciences do not aim to change society but to subscribe to objectivity via value freedom
      • Critique of value freedom
        • can't be avoided ie, funding, choice of research topic
        • Gomm: when academic resources are low, soc research monopolised (controlled) by state/ big buisnesses
          • focus on what important ie. corporate business USA improve worker productivity.
            • Hawthrone experiement MAYO
              • bias + inavlidity
        • Gouldner Value free soc is a myth impossible to separate from what they observe.
    • Value freedom and Commitment
      • Values irrelevant rsearch, science concerned with facts. Sociology's job is to find facts about behaviour
      • Gouldner
        • sociologists used to challenge authority now 'problem takers' - hired org solve prob for them
        • Leave own values behind make a 'gentlemans promise' they won't question pay makers; their values irrelevant
      • Commitment
        • impossible to keep values out of research
        • Taking Sides: Becker soc favoured view point of powerful ie police,
          • soc should adopt compassionate stance; examine tperspectives of underdog ie. mental patient
            • CRITIQUE GOULDNER- Becker takes romatic approach disad groups; only concerned with neg labelled
              • soc should take side of those 'fighting back'
    • Positivism
      • Sociology can be objective by using quant research method + objective
      • Validity + reliability checked by others
      • Comte + Durkheim: scientific soc would reveal a correct society by discovering the trutha bout how society works + generating laws that govern its funct
      • Marx: Soc reveals truyj of classed based society. Scientific approach would show how to reach communisim = science deliever good soc
    • Weber: should be value relevant NOT value free
      • Values in sociology divided 4 stages
        • 1) values as a guide to research - researcher selects facts that base their own values
          • ie. feminism study oppression
        • 2) data collection + hyp testing must be objective/ unbiased collecting facts.
          • once facts gathered test hyp
        • 3) values in interpretation of data -facts set framework and draw conclusions- gramework infl by values
        • $) Values and the soc as citizen - Soc should take moral/ political responsibility for harm of work
    • Funding and careers
      • source funding = gov, organisations. Can censor research
    • Relativism
      • Different groups cultures/ individuals diff views they say are true; they just have their own concepts no independent way of judging one truer
        • BUT RELEATIVISM states we shouldn't believe in PM either'
          • PM take reletavist idea ie. reject one account superior than other, no privileged that know truth. Any perspective that clain truth are meta narratives
      • PM take reletavist idea ie. reject one account superior than other, no privileged that know truth. Any perspective that clain truth are meta narratives

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