The Joke - Haydn

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  • String Quartet in Eb Op.33 No.2 "The Joke"
    • Harmony and Tonality
      • Functional Harmony
      • Frequent I & V chords
      • Pedals and suspensions are common
      • Frequent perfect Cadence
      • Some Unusual features. Eg. V7 hanging
      • Mock dramatic V9 chord at start of adagio
      • Centred on Eb Major
        • Modulates to closesly related keys
          • Ab Major
          • F minor
          • Bb Major
    • Performing Forces
      • Violin I, II, Viola + Cello
      • Only one player require for each part
      • Arco used throughout, with staccato for light effect
      • Two episodes are forte sfrozando
      • "Joke" Ending = very subtle pp
    • Rhythm and Metre
      • Compound duple metre
      • Some rhythmic diminuation
      • Adagio begins with an anacrusis + throughout
      • Use of silence in presto = PRANK
      • Pauses fragment tune
      • Long notes in lower. Dominanted by crotchets
    • Structure
      • Can be interpreted differently
      • Most common = Rondo form ABACA'
      • A = Rounded Binary form
      • A' incongruous adagio
      • Monothematic
    • Melody
      • Typical classical style
      • Periodic phrasing
      • Much use of scale and arpeggios
      • Passing notes and auxiliary notes used
      • Echappe
      • Phrase can be broken into 3: X Y Z
    • Texture
      • Largely 4 part
        • Each instrument is inpedendent
        • Violins have some parallel 3rd 6th and 10ths
        • 3 Parts in second phrase of refrain
      • Very occasional Chordal movement
      • Usually Violin 1 Dominates

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