Unit 2 Stress management

Stress management including pyschological methods (SIT and hardiness training) and biological methods (beta-blockers and benzodiazapine)

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  • Stress managment
    • Biological methods
      • Benzodiazepines (BZs)
        • Reduces    increased     serotonin which reduces anxiety
        • GABA - Natural form of anxiety relief
          • BZs stimulate GABA production  GABA locks on to neuro receptors which opens up the chloride channels making the neuron less receptive to other neurotransmiters making the person feel relaxed.
      • Beta-Blockers (BBs)
        • How do they work?
          • They reduce the activity of adrenaline and   nor-adrenaline  By binding to the beta receptors on cells that are stimulated by sympathic arousal such as the heart
        • What do they achieve?
          • By blocking these recptors they cause the reverse of stress hormones eg. slowing down the heart
    • Psychological methods
      • Hardiness Training
        • Procedure
          • Focusing - The client is taught to recognize the biological signs of stress and identify the the source.
          • Reliving stress - The client relives stress encounters and is helped to analyse these situations.
          • Self improvement - with the insight gained from reliving the stress encounters new techniques are to the client.and they are also taught to see stressors as challenges to to overcome
        • Evaluation
          • student support services at Utah state college give hardiness training to their high risk students and they say it helps to keep students in college.
          • Very lengthy process
          • Its very difficult to change someones     personality so isn't 100% effective
      • Stress inoculation therapy
        • Procedure
          • Skills aquisition
            • Coping skills are taught and practiced      initially in the clinic. The skills are tailored to every individual, some examples are; relaxation    and positive thinking
          • Conseptualisation
          • Application
            • Patients are given opportunities to use the new coping skills in a range of situations.
        • Evaluation
          • Deals with present stress but also inoculates people  from future stressors.
          • Time consuming
          • High motivation, effort, and money needed


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