Stress

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  • Stress
    • Bodily Response
      • SAM
        • Evidence- trace hormones secreted in blood
          • HPA
      • HPA
      • Tell story of bodily responses-SAM and HPA
    • SRIs and Immune System
      • Kiecolt-Glaser et.al
        • NK cells measured and stress/loneliness questionnaire
          • Before and during exam season
        • Medical students
        • Follow up study
          • Carers of Alzheimers patients
            • Puncture wounds-see how long they took to heal
              • Took longer in carers than non-carers
      • Cohen et.al
        • Stress questionnaireand infected with common cold
          • More stressed you were-more susceptible to cold
    • Personality factors
      • Type A personality traits
        • Competitive
        • Time pressured
        • Hostile
      • Type B personality traits
        • Relaxed
        • Not competitive
      • Hardiness
        • Control
        • Commitment
        • Challenge
      • Friedman and Rosenman
        • Interviews and observation
        • Type A twice as likely to have heart attacks
    • Life changes and daily hassles
      • Holmes and Rahe
        • SRRS made from 5000 patient records
        • 200-300 LCUs- 50% chance of SRI
        • 300+ - 80% chance of SR
        • Rahe et.al
          • Naval personnel followed
            • Those with higher stress had more illness
        • Daily hassles
          • Kickstart SAM and HPA
          • Kanner et.al
            • Daily hassles scale
      • Lazarus
        • Uplifts
          • Counteract stressors
    • Workplace stress
      • Workload and control
        • Low control and high workload worst
      • Marmot et.al
        • Whitehall civil servants
          • Lower paid-twice illness rate of higher paid
          • 1.5 times more heart disease in lower paid
          • Amount of control most important
      • Fox et.al
        • Low control and high demand
          • High blood pressure in nurses
      • Johannson et.al
        • Swedish sawmill workers
          • Low control
            • High stress hormones and SRIs
    • Stress management
      • Kobasa (CBT)
        • Hardiness training
          • Increase 3 Cs
      • Meichenbaum(SIT)
        • Faulty thought processes
      • Drug treatment
        • Benzodiazepines
          • Work on brain
            • Increase action of GABA
        • Beta blockers
          • Work on body-heart and circulatory system
            • Reduce effects of ANS

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