strengths and weaknesses of PY1 full

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  • strengths and weaknesses
    • Cognitive
      • contributions to society
        • Has contributed to our knowledge of mental health and memory
          • Miller's magic 7 study of short-term memory
          • Becks Negative triad study. Negative view of ourselves, the world and our future.
      • reductionist
        • Ignores environmental factors.
          • Brown and Harris' study on depression
      • computer analogy
        • Over simplistic. Comparing human mind's to a computer undermines our complexity.
      • scientific methodolgy
        • High control over variables to establish cause and effect of behaviour caused by internal processes.
          • Peterson and Peterson's study of STM
    • psychodynamic
      • interpretation of therapist
        • Meanings have to be interpreted by individual therapists which could differ.
          • In dream analysis one psychologist may believe symbols represent something different to another psychologist.
      • physical illnesses can have psychological causes
        • First time that people accepted that there was something wrong with people even if it didn't look like it on the surface. widely accepted today.
          • Before people suffering with shell shock from the wars were seen as traitors. Accepted after Freud released his theory.
      • Childhood affects our adult behaviour and personality.
        • People can have mental illnesses as an adult due to their childhood. At no fault of their won.
      • Cannot be proven true or false.
        • No access to the unconscious and therefore we cannot prove whether or not our ID or superego affect our behaviour.
    • biological
      • Reductionalist
        • ignores environmental factors.
          • People may be depressed because of their surrounding and situations they are in and not necessarily a lack in serotonin or other bio-chemicals.
      • Deterministic
        • All of our behaviour is pre-determined by our genes or by neurotransmitters. We do not have free will or are unable to make decisions about our own behaviour.
          • Eyesenk believed that 50-80% of our 1Q ( our intelligence) is inherited.
          • If we lack the neurotransmitter GABA then we are likely to display behaviours linked to anxiety
      • scientific methodology
        • Able to control variables and establish cause and effect. Theories are falsifiable.
          • Selye's GAS- manipulated variables to establish cause and effect.
      • contribution to society
        • Has been applied to health, therapies, sports and education.
          • Psychosurgery and ECT to treat mental disorders.
          • GAS - Knowledge of stress and how it affects humans.
    • behavourist
      • Reductionalist
        • Ignores biological and cognitive factors such as our internal process and genes.
      • scientific methodology
        • The behavourist approach prefers the lab method as it's easier to control variables and establish cause and effect.
          • Pavlov's study
          • Bandura's bobo doll study
      • Animal research
        • The behavourist approach uses animals in research which can be a weakness as generalising animal behaviour to human behaviour can be in correct and invalid.
          • Pavlov's Dogs
          • Skinner's pigeons
          • Skinner's rats
      • contributions to society
        • Has been applied to education, child rearing and advertising.
          • Classical conditioning- children may be rewarded or punished and then learn to associate the behaviour with the consequence to do it ( or not do it) again.


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