(Streetcar/Malfi) Good vs. Evil

  • Created by: NHow02
  • Created on: 24-02-19 16:37
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  • Good vs. Evil
    • Duchess of Malfi
      • 'you were too much i'th'light'
        • Virtue is often described in this period as that which 'shines forth'
        • The Duchess' name is never mentioned, suggesting her title/ publicity defines her
        • Duchess is virtuous and yet not associated with virginity
          • Widows believed to be dangerous and sexual predators
          • Leggatt believes in the Duchess' 'variety and vitality of her nature as a whole.'
        • 'Mine eyes dazzle'
          • Elizabethan belief that when one twin dies the other's soul does as well
          • Eyes are typically seen as windows to the soul
          • This line departs from the conventional blank verse (creating a disjointed effect)
        • 'we are merely the stars' tennis balls'
          • Lucy Webster: A 'world that is more sinned against than sinning'
          • Elizabethan belief that fate was written in the stars/ predetermined by God
      • 'Like plum trees that stand crooked over standing pools...o'erladen with fruit.'
        • Weight of Upper Classes ('fruit') creates a crooked class system
        • 'Standing' suggests putrid water + disease
        • References the 'tree of life' in the Garden of Eden and the 'fruit' of temptation
        • Codden: It is 'addressed to the courtly world outside rather than within the play' and that the 'spectacle cannot show the ideal but only narrates it'
          • References the 'tree of life' in the Garden of Eden and the 'fruit' of temptation
      • 'Tis your shadow/ stay it; let it not haunt me'
        • 'Shadow' suggests dark twin/ reflection of Ferdinand
          • The effectiveness of illusion becomes a defining dramaturgical principle
        • 'Haunt' alludes to Protestant belief that Ghosts were damned souls trapped in Purgatory.
        • Darkness/ Evil seems to emerge from within him
        • Darkness/ night is associated with the Devil + symbol of death
    • A Streetcar Named Desire
      • 'I think I will bathe...my nerves are in knots'
        • Symbolism of 'knot' represents promises & vows, such as Blanche's marriage
          • Widows believed to be dangerous and sexual predators
        • 'knots' also represent dilemmas, suggesting Blanche is a problem
        • Blanche is followed by her own and her husband's 'sins'
        • Reminiscent of Lady Macbeth, who is stained by her sins (seeking purity)
          • Eliza Kazan: 'Blanche is dangerous, she is destructive'
      • 'daemonic disorder'/ 'coming downstairs'/ 'trots'
        • Plosive 'd' alliteration creates a violent effect
        • Imagery suggests Stanley is descending into Hell OR represents his working class status
        • 'trots' has connotations of the Devil in satyr form
          • Tennessee Williams: 'We are all savages at heart'
          • Eric Bentley sees the play as a clash of "species"
            • Darwinian idea of survival of the fittest
        • 'I pulled you down off them columns'
          • Religious imagery of descent into Hell
          • 'coloured lights'
            • Suggests religious idea of temptation OR complex 3D idea (life is not black and white)
            • New Orleans was seen as a 'melting pot' of cultural influences
            • Sexual euphemism
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