Stolypin's reforms 19016 to 1914

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  • Stolypin reforms 1906 to 1914
    • By increasing the amount of peasant and small landowners would strengthen the government
      • They would prevent the peasants supporting revolutionary groups in order to protect property
      • limited land reform would help make Russian agriculture more productive and by doing so would increase the nations wealth
    • Impacts of Stolypin's reforms
      • In 1905 20% of peasants owned land. by 1915 this had increased to 50%
      • Agricultural production increased from 45.9 million tonnes in 1906 to 61.7 million tonnes in 1913
      • Between 1906 and 19144. 25% of peasants had left the mirs (communes)
      • 1906-1914 3.5 million peasant set up home in Siberia
      • 80% of migrants to Siberia settled
      • fertilisers, machines, tools and crop rotation increased crop production
      • Land reforms has limited impact in cities
      • those peasants who accepted Stolypin's incentives were located in more prosporous areas of Russia
    • land reforms
      • wanted to create a class of landowning peasants. In the hope that if they had land then they'd want to protect their property and abandon revolutionary ideas.
      • 1906 reforms
        • Introduced important economic reforms 1906
        • made it easier for peasants to break away from communes and establish independent farms
        • encouraged the peasant land bank to give more loans to buy more land and modern farming equipment
      • Emigration to Siberia
        • Conditions in much of Siberia were difficult
        • Siberia was rich in minerals and there was a large amount of potential farmland
        • One of the incentives for moving to Siberia was cheap land
        • One of the incentives was interest free loans
        • one of the incentives was cheap rail travel to Siberia
        • Stolypin indicated that these policies were to encourage more peasants to set up home in Siberia

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