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  • Sterilisation
    • Castration was practiced in biblical times and by various other cultures including Chinese and Greek
      • Various reasons- security, punishment, control captives, religious purposes
      • Modern times surgical sterilisation is performed for eugenic, therapeutic and punitive purposes
    • Tolerated by the nascent church- eunichs which have made themselves eunichs for the kingdom of heavens' sake
      • Catholic church condemned only sterilisation for eugenic and therapeutic reasons as a contravention of natural law
        • Judaism rejects every form of sterilisation except for urgent medical reasons
    • Chief Justice Holmes- it is better for all the world if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime or to let them starve for their imbecelity, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind
      • During the 1930's researchers denounced the concept of hereditary nature of mental issues and "imbecelity"
        • Does sterilisation promote and execute inhuman, degrading treatment
  • USA between 1912 and 1964 total of 63,678 sterilised
    • Mental illness grounds 27,917
      • American cases focus on the ideas of forced sterilisation contravening the constitution
    • Mental deficiency 32,374
      • Other grounds 2,387


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