Statutory Interpretation Mindmap

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  • Statutory Interpretation
    • Literal Rule
      • Plain, ordinary grammatical rule
        • Berriman Train Case
        • Fisher V Bell Flick Knives
      • :)
        • Parl. sovereignty respected
        • Judges role restricted
        • Consistent, predictable law
      • Disadvantage
        • Can produce absurd, unjust or repugnant outcomes
    • Golden Rule
      • POG unless AIR outcome
        • Narrow Application
          • R v Allen
          • Choose least AIR definition
        • Wide Application
          • Re: Sigsworth
          • Modify the definition to avoid AIR
      • :)
        • Prevents AIR
        • Closer to Parl's intentions
        • Judge role still restricted
      • :(
        • Too much judge power
        • Unpredictable law
    • Mischief Rule
      • Identify original mischief
        • What was old common law?
        • What mischief didn't it rememdy?
        • What was Parl's intentions?
        • Smith v Hughes
        • Royal College of Nursing
      • :(
        • Out of date - Heydon's case was 16th cent
        • Too much jude power
        • Mischief hard to identify
      • :)
        • Allows judges to update law
        • Closes loopholes
        • Flexible
        • Avoids AIIR
    • Purposive Approach
      • Modern mischief rule
        • Human Rights Act 1998
        • Keeps UK in line with EU law
        • ex parte Smith Psycho adopted son
      • :)
        • More like intention of Parl
        • Leads to individual justice
        • Allows for changing circumstances
      • :(
        • Too much power to unelected judges
        • Judges may make decisions based on public policy
    • Intrinsic Aids
      • Long/short title of act
      • Preamble
      • Schedules
      • Interpretation/Definition Section
      • Punctuaion
    • Extrinsic Aids
      • Dictionaries
      • Textbooks
      • Interpretation At 1978
      • Reports of Law reform bodies
      • Explanatory Notes
      • Hansard
        • Pepper V Hart
      • Previous Acts
    • Rules of Language
      • Ejusdem Generic
        • General words interpreted in accordance with the particular words
          • Allen V Emerson
      • Expression Unius Est Exclusio Atterium
        • Expression of one thing implies the exclusion of another
          • Channel Tunnel Act
      • Noscitur a Sociis
        • Meaning of word must be gathered from its context
          • Muir  Keay
  • :)
    • Allows judges to update law
    • Closes loopholes
    • Flexible
    • Avoids AIIR

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