States of matter

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  • States of Matter
    • The 3 States of Matter
      • Solids
        • Arrangement
          • Close together and in a regular pattern
        • Movement and Energy
          • Vibrate on the spot
        • Properties
          • Have a fixed shape and cannot flow
            • They cannot move from one place to another
          • Cannot be compressed nor squashed
            • They are close together and have no space to move into
      • Liquids
        • Arrangement
          • Close together and in a random pattern
        • Movement and Energy
          • They slip and slide over each other
        • Properties
          • They flow and take the shape of any container
            • The particles can move around each other
          • Cannot be compressed nor squashed
            • They are close together and have no space to move into
      • Gasses
        • Arrangement
          • Far apart and in a random arrangement
        • Movement and Energy
          • Move quickly in all directions
        • Properties
          • They fill and shape to their container
            • The particles can move around quickly
          • They can be compressed and squashed
            • The particles are far apart and have more space to move into
    • State Changes
      • Heat must be supplied to substance for it to melt, evaporate or boil
      • Heat must be removed from a substance for it to condense or freeze
      • Under certain conditions, some solids can turn into a gas when heated
        • This is called sublimation
    • Changing the Pressure
      • A gas can turn into a liquid if the pressure is increased
        • This is because the particles are more close together for bonds to form between them

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