Stanford Prison Experiment - 1971

A mind map revising the Stanford Prison experiment in brief.

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  • Stanford Prison Experiment
    • When?
      • 1971
    • What is it?
      • A Psychological study, 24 healthy volunteers (prisoners) were 'arrested from their homes'. roles of prisoners/ guards was randomly assigned.
    • What happened?
      • Prisoners and guards split. Rebellion in prisoners. Power crazed guards, beat/humiliated prisoners.  on Day 2!
        • Guards ordered merely to 'maintain law and order'
        • Shut down on Day 6 out of 14
    • Why?
      • To study the effects of deindividuation during a power struggle.
      • The experiment was supposed to investigate the nature of humans in situations involving degradation and dehumanization.
    • What did the results show?
      • Zimbardo - "too many normal young men were behaving pathologically as powerless prisoners or as sadistic, all-powerful guards." He added, "At the beginning there were no differences between those assigned to guards or prisoners. In less than a week, there were no similarities among them; they had become totally different creatures."
    • Opinions
      • Human ire for inequality and maltreatment.
    • Relevance to Psychology
      • Showing, power differences and their involvement with our animalistic, pathological natures.
  • Zimbardo - "too many normal young men were behaving pathologically as powerless prisoners or as sadistic, all-powerful guards." He added, "At the beginning there were no differences between those assigned to guards or prisoners. In less than a week, there were no similarities among them; they had become totally different creatures."
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