Stalking

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  • Stalking
    • Involves
      • unwanted intrusion
      • threat to victim
      • fear in victim
      • systems abusers
      • HOWEVER- subjective as to when it is considered inapporpriate
    • Zona et al. (1993)
      • 3 types of stalkers
        • Love obsessional
          • overwhelming attraction to one person, possessive, extreme jealousy, may not take rejection easily
        • Simple obsessional
          • a non-delusional preoccupation with a partner's perceived infidelity
        • Erotomanic
          • an intersection between delusional and obsessive love disorders
          • believe someone famous/higher social status is in love with you
    • Mullen's 5 Categories of Stalkers
      • 1. Rejected Suitor
        • may be encouraged by victims tyring to let them down easily
      • 2. Intimacy seeker
        • typically socially immature loner
      • 3. The incompetent suitor
        • does not understand relationships, often socially inept
      • 4. The Resentful Stalker
        • express anger bc of humiliation by object of their obsession, thrive off power over them
      • 5. The Predatory Stalker
        • plans their attack, rehearses it, has sexual fantasies. May not know victim
    • The reality
      • bullies, 80% male, 50% criminal, 2 weeks
      • victims: 75% female; 84% prior contact, rarely reported
    • Impact: (Pathe and Mulen, 1997)
      • change of lifestyle, high anxiety and insomnia, PTSD, change jobs/careers/countries
    • Stalking by Proxy
      • legal processes aid stalker's aims, stress victim, extend public relationship for stalker
    • Stalking of Professionals
      • client group disordered & distressed
      • attention = affection & professional = personal

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