First Five-Year Plan 1928-1932

Sorry but as I find it easier to revise using mindmaps and see all the information I have done an individual mindmap for each of the first 3 Five-Year Plans


p.s. In advance I apologise for any spelling mistakes, I'm terrible with spelling and when the computer tells me I have made a mistake, it gives me the American spelling!!!

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  • Created by: Dracupine
  • Created on: 30-03-13 19:21
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  • Stalin's 1st Five-Year Plan 1928-1932
    • Priorities
      • Stalin liked  heavy industry, over consumer goods as Russia would be able to develop & be ready for invasion.
        • Coal, iron & steel over food & clothes
        • Less qualifications
      • Heavy industry was essential for  industrialisation (key in US trade)
      • Stalin often visited steelworks & iron foundries
        • 1st priority as best trade
        • Raw materials
    • Success
      • Increased productivity caused the Russian economy to grow by 14% annually
        • Promote through propaganda
        • had been in a depression
      • Outperformed any other economic system
      • Urban population trebled as peasants moved from the countryside
        • Factory work
      • Education was reformed and universities were more accessible
        • High discipline added in schools as prepared fro work
      • 'Proletarian advancement' programme was successful
        • 150, 000 'Red Specialists' replaced old less qualified managers 'Bourgeois Specisliats'
        • Revolutionised as working class education & can obtain better jobs
    • Failures
      • Secret chaotic economy
        • Covered with statistics
        • Target not met= severe punnishment
      • Struggle to meet targets caused inefficiency & low productivity
        • low quality, not really usable. Much of it was wasted
    • Meeting Stalin's Targets
      • Many were never met
      • Local party officials who didn't meet targets were severely punnished
      • Targets were based on quantity not quality.
        • Products were not useful
      • Some raw materials such as coal were left to decay
    • Abolition of the Free Market
      • As Russia was a Communist country, Stalin wanted to get rid of the free market where everyone was free to trade with each other
      • However, this idea of ablolishing the free market encouraged an illegal black market to forming, becoming widespread.
      • People who were caught buying & selling illegally were sent to labour camps (spectators)
    • Living and Working conditions
      • Workers had bad rations & consumer goods disappeared
      • Introduced 7-day working week, so working conditions deteriorated
      • If you broke machinery then you would be accused of being a 'Capitalist Saboteur'
        • Many unhappy, many avoided work
      • these harsh labour disciplines caused increased absenteeism
        • Strikes= punishment
        • If late punished
        • Any negativity imprisoned / punished
      • 'White Coal' workers were effectively prisoners who often froze or starved to death as they had no rights


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