Stages of attachment

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  • Created by: bubliere
  • Created on: 16-05-18 18:09
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  • Stages of attachment
    • 1. Asocial stage (first few weeks)
      • Happier in the presence of humans
      • Some preference for familiar adults
      • behaviour to non-human objects and humans is similar
    • 2. Indiscriminate attachment (2-7 months)
      • behaviour not different towards any one person
      • Prefer people over inanimate objects
    • 3. Specific attachment (7 months)
      • Stranger anxiety
      • separation anxiety
        • when primary caregiver leaves
          • person who interacts & responds to baby the most
    • 4. Multiple attachment (>1 year)
      • form secondary attachments
    • Shaffer and Emerson case study
      • Procedure
        • 60 Glaswegian babies
        • mother interviewed about infant's reactions to everyday separations
        • every month for a year then at 18 months
      • Findings
        • 50% of 25-32 weeks old infants showed signs of separation anxiety from a particular adult
        • Attachment was with adults that showed reciprocity with the baby
        • At 40 weeks 80% had specific attachment 30% & had multiple attachment
    • Strenghts
      • good ecological validity
        • demand characteristics less likely to occur
        • participants acted naturally
    • Weakness
      • Conflicting evidence of multiple attachment
        • unclear when they start to form
        • Izendoorn believed multiple attachments formed very early
          • due to multiple caregivers being the norm in collectivist cultures,

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