Stacy et al 1993 (study in detail - health)

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  • Stacy et al 1993
    • Aims
      • to investigate long term predictors for alcohol use and drinking related problems
      • to see whether there is a link between drinking related problems and personality factors including sensation seeking and cognitive motivation
      • to see whether particular negative effects of drinking are specific to particular reasons for drinking
    • Procedure
      • longitudinal study
        • participants part of follow up of wider investigation
      • 11 junior high schools in LA
        • from lower socioeconomic areas
      • 64% white
      • 71% female
      • mean age at start = 17.95 years
      • mean age at follow up - 26.95 years
      • self-report data
        • confidential questionnaires
      • small number of drop outs
    • Sensation seeking
      • personality trait
      • thought to be at least partly genetic
      • likert-scale
        • 1 (never) to 5 (always)
      • experience seeking
      • thrill and adventure seeking
      • disinhibition
      • boredom suseptibility
    • Cognitive motivation
      • reasons for someone's behaviour
      • why they choose to drink based on perceived consequences
      • 3/4/5 items each
        • 1 (no), 2 (not sure), 3 (yes)
      • reduce negative effects
      • enhance positive effects
      • social cohesion
      • addiction
    • Follow up
      • asked 29 questions on problem-drinking consequences
      • found personal, physical, social, and work related negative consequences
      • rated on 3 point scale
      • asked about driving whilst intoxicated
    • Results
      • alcohol use and cognitive motivation in adolescence predicted problem-drinking related consequences in adulthood
      • alcohol use and positive effects in adolescence predicted driving whilst intoxicated
      • working related problem consequences were predicted by thrill and adventure seeking and social cohesion
      • adolescents with a higher sensation seeking score grew to be adults with a greater cognitive motivation for alcohol use


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