Thomas Aquinas

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  • St Thomas Aquinas
    • Early life
      • 1225-1274
      • Fossanova= Southern Italy
      • Noble and well connected family of A'quino
      • Educated at Benedictine monastery of Monte Cassino.
      • Destined for an important role in the church.
      • Angered his family by becoming a Dominican a new and radical religious order.
    • Dominican
      • Founded by St Dominic Guzman (1170-1221) and was founded in combat in Southern France.
      • Were mendicants and generally lived in cities with universities.
      • Supported scholarship and became the church's intellectuals.
      • Studied under St Albert the Great
      • Lectured in Italy and Paris.
      • Aquinas defended the Dominican order through writing.
      • Scholar
      • 'Summa Contra Gentiles and 'Summa Theoligica'
        • Aquinas defended the Dominican order through writing.
      • Main purpose to equip Christian Missionaries.
    • End of his life
      • In 1273 he had a visionn of Jesus in mass.
        • Jesus asked him what he would like and he replied- 'Only you Lord, only you'.
        • Never wrote again and stated- 'I cannot because all that I have written seems like straw'
    • Influences
      • Scriptures and Fathers of the church, St Augustine and Aristotle
      • Aristotle
        • Writing largely been lost in Western countries.
        • Islamic scholars in Southern Spain translated from Greek into Latin and Arabic.
          • Made them available in the West.
    • Thomas Aquinas' books were burnt by the Bishop of Paris after his death and his influence grow.
      • Pope Leo XIII made his work the official Phiosophy of the Church.
    • Thomism
      • In modern times called Neo-Thomist.
        • Jacques Maritain, Karl Bahmer.
    • Qua Regularity (design in relation to the order and regularity in the universe)
      • The order is evident of a designer- God.
      • Nothing  that has a purpose does not without a giving hand.
      • Inanimate objects (like planets) could not achieve order without a command from a being.
      • Perfect order/ orbit is

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