Speech: Theory and Context

  • Created by: tardy
  • Created on: 21-08-18 20:31
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  • Speech: Context and Theory
    • How do speakers interact?
      • Competitive or Cooperative?
      • Rude/face-threatening (Brown & Levinson)
      • Respectful / polite / face-saving
    • Topic
      • Rarely changes
      • Shifts frequently
        • Does it topic loop back?
      • Someone controls the topic, or shifts topic
    • Non-fluency features?
      • Filled pauses
      • Repetition
      • False starts
      • Flouts the maxim of manner (Grice)
      • Abandoned constructions
    • Spontaneous or planned?
      • Wholly planned
      • Planned to sound spontaneous
      • Wholly spontaneous
      • Some parts planned, some scripted
    • Who is speaking?
      • Status
        • High
        • Low
        • Speakers of different or same status?
      • Role
        • What are the requirements of the role?
    • What is the speaker's agenda? (Synonyms: purpose, motive)
      • Do the speakers share an agenda? Or is the agenda conflicting?
      • Transactional? Interactional? Promotional?
    • Feedback
      • Divergence / Negative / Disagreement
      • Positive / Agreement
        • Do the speakers' styles converge? (Giles' Accommodation Theory)
    • Audience
      • Multiple audiences?
    • Medium/Genre
      • What are the conventions?
        • Are they respected - or are they subverted?

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