Soviet Culture

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 04-05-13 14:35
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  • Soviet Culture
    • Social Realism
      • Art
        • 1931 Art had to be realist
        • 1932 created one union
        • Should express government rather than individual opinion
        • Should educate workers in the spirit of communism
        • 1932 term Social Realism first used
          • Art had to be real understood by the masses and tell a story
        • full of tractors harvesters and peasants
        • museum directors given targets and bonuses if met
        • portray heroic achievments of 5 yr plans
        • In effect was a form of social control as much as the great terror
      • art, music and literature used to glorify communism
      • Literature
        • 1932 union of Russian writers
          • led by Maxim Gorky (not a party member)
        • Persecuted if wrote about anti communist views
          • Boris Pasternak
        • portray what STalin wanted Russia wanted to be
        • Stalin a long with Lenin creators of communism. Lenin the sun . Stalin the light that overcomes he darkness
      • Architecture
        • cities were redesigned
        • Moscow underground built 1931
      • Music
        • Positive and Joyous
        • All music in major key
        • Musicians were banned if music too bourgeois
      • Cinema
        • Increased too support the 5 year plans
    • Cult of Personality
      • Communism achievements centered around him
      • Stalin as great leader
      • Propaganda
        • Stakhanovite movement
      • Worshipped  as church banned
      • Greatness
      • Education
      • Komsomol 1926
        • 14 and 28
          • Young pioneer movement(pre14)
        • pledged itself to Stalin and the party
        • wasn't compulsory but offered eventual full membership of CPSU and all its privileges
        • 2 million members 1927 to 10million 1940
      • God like furthering Lenins achievements

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