Source Revision

  • Created by: K4typ
  • Created on: 14-05-18 14:31
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  • Source Revision
    • WW1
      • Developments in weaponary
        • Weapons developments where decisive
          • 2nd Battle of Ypres 1915  Poison gas by Germans
          • Tanks destroyed bardbed wire
        • Not always effective
          • Tanks vulnerable to artillery
            • often broke down
          • Gas blown back at Loos in 1915
          • Penny Packets as at Somme
      • Hpw far did alliances determine outcome
        • They determine outcome
          • Resources US brought to the war in 1918 were crucial
          • Germany was weakened by collapse of allies, Bulgaria, Turkey and Astro- Hungary
          • Surrender of Russia 1917 put strain on Britain and Russia
          • Alience between UK + FR --> Foch
          • Coordination of Allies --> collapse of German allies
          • Alliences allowed chance for coordinated  attacks
        • Other factors determined outcome
          • German home front collapsed due to naval blockade
          • Political Unrest in Germany- people wanted the war to end
          • Mobile tactics were reintroduced with development of mobile infiltration and use of storm stroopers
          • The Use of Surprise along with sheer scale of assault was important  in July and august 1918 allied counter attacks
            • These attacks where mobile and flexible due to improvements in engines and motorised vehicles
      • Poor Leadership
        • Did not  understand modern warfare and where reluctant to use new technology
        • They only studied short wars and not the american civil war
        • Belief in morale and willpower
        • Commanders did not anticipate trench warfare
        • Clung to use of cavalry
        • Leadership was not poor
          • Generals where often killed in action
          • The British developed the creeping barrage
          • Units developed initiative
          • 1918 storm troopers where developed
          • Developed coridnated attacks
    • American Civil War
      • Quality of Leadership
        • Confederacy
          • Lee
            • Napoleonic leadership shown by Lee. Good relationship with men
          • Jackson
            • For standing like a stonewall inspired troops at 1st Bull run
        • Union
          • Grant
            • Saw need to deal with the nature and character of war
            • Joint strategy combining Army and Navy
              • Allowed him to take fortress of Vicksburg  1863
            • Battle of Wilderness he lost 17,000
            • Grant was able to see the war as a whole was decisive
            • Often drunk, forced his troops to endure casualties and frontal assaults
      • Developments in transport
        • Transport developments were significant
          • Steamboats could carry enough supplies for 40,000 + 18,000 horses for two days
        • Other factors secured north victory
          • Blockade of the south not effective
          • South did not fight as one unit
          • The south was not willing to sacrifice
          • Lsck of Nationalism
        • Battles fought around key rail centers, Chattanooga, Nashville and Atlanta
        • Shermans sweep south sustained by rail
      • south's failure to gain alliences
        • did effect outcome
          • Alliences would have helped to gain weapons
          • Would have helped them  to  get economic support
          • Supplies could have extended war by two years
          • South able to sustain war from 1861 to 1865 without allies against superior economic enemy
        • Other factors that led to defeat
          • North Population two and a half times greater
          • iNDUSTRIAL production 9 times greater
            • North had more men and guns
          • Divisions over slavery
      • economic factors and organisation
        • North
          • North manufactured 90% of arms + most iron
          • Better leadership
          • Efficent tax system.
          • War boosted mechanisation of industries
        • South
          • Jefferson seen as weak
          • Southern economy was bad and did not finance the war through enough taxes
          • 1.5 billion printed confederate dollars --> inflation 700% in 1863
        • No South was better than north
          • South
            • Had better weapons than North Lee Enfield rifles at Vicksburg
            • Effectively launched invasions of the North
            • Davis had more military experience than Lincoln
            • The south maintained a higher proportion of its population in arms
            • Despite suffering 260,000 casualties and 200,000 wounded they held out to the last
            • South saw off initial attacks at Vicksburg in 1862
            • Lee was well supported at Gettysburg but made the mistake of using frontal assaults
          • North
            • North saw unrest, policies where unpopular
            • Opposition from Copper-heads
              • Lincoln suspended duries and trials
            • 1864 the north decided on a campaign of economic destruction
            • Later stages North had numerical superiority
    • French revolution
      • Success of Napoleon
        • Yes he was a successful general
          • Out of the 60 battles he fought he lost 7
          • Wellington Claimed he was worth 40,000 in the field
          • He implemented the corps system
        • No he wasn't
          • 1800, 1815 1.5 million enlisted half became casualties
          • He wouldn't delegate so commanders could not learn from him
          • Carnot Made the biggest developments eg assault columns mixed order
          • He used up 600,000 troops in spain
          • Costly and unnecessary battle at Lodi
        • He repulsed attacks using interior lines of communications
      • Developments in weaponry
        • Did effect
          • Battle of Fluerus 1794 Hot air balloon used to observe Austrian movement
          • Valmy September 1792 used artillery pieces at extreme range
      • Weakness of Coalitions
        • Yes they where weak
          • Napoleon could make seperate peace agreements with them
          • No formal alliances
          • Although allied did not share plans
        • No they wont
          • Treaty of Chaumont 1914
          • Defeat at Waterloo 1815
        • Sucess of  revolutinary armies
          • Columns made less of a target for enemy
          • Discipline was imposed on them by Napoleon in italy -  led to strong fighting force
          • Levee en mass raised over a million men
          • French able to support large armies through empire
      • Organisation state
        • yes the state was organised
          • Right to take all resources not define between civilian + soliders
          • Levee on Mass 1793
          • enforce military style discipline, punish profiteering, defeatism + political opposition _ conscript citizens
          • Total resources employed to defend revolution. Ideology confirmed by victory.   
        • No it wasn't
          • Internal tension and inflation
        • Loss of support in Later stages of War

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