Poulenc

A mindmap summarising the key features of Poulenc's sonata which features in the Edexcel As level syllabus. Feel free to comment/ask questions/suggest improvements :)

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  • Created by: Nora
  • Created on: 20-02-13 11:04
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  • Sonata for Horn, Trumpet, and Trombone: Movement I
    • Tonality
      • Modulates to remote keys
      • Bar 86: chromatic scalic phrase
      • Begins in G major
      • Frequent chromatic notes
      • Middle section in Eb major
      • Frequent discords
      • Bar 40: Bb
      • Fundamentally tonal
    • Rhythm and Metre
      • Time signatures change frequently
      • Semiquaver scale in free rhythm (bar 39)
      • Rhythms sometimes broken up by rests
      • Syncopation (bar 13-14)
      • Three bars in quintuple time
      • Often begins on an anacrusis
      • Speeds change frequently
      • Crotchets for the cadence
      • Mainly quavers and semiquavers
    • Structure
      • Loose Ternary
      • ABA and Coda
    • Performing Forces
      • Trumpet has virtuoso flourish (bar 39)
      • Trumpet is main solo instrument
      • Trombone and trumpet have an "oom-pah" accompaniment bars 40-45
      • Trumpet has a wide range
      • Trombone has awkward leaps
      • Modern trumpet has valves so can play chromatic music
      • Horn has very low notes in bar 74
    • Harmony
      • Outlined by broken chords
      • Simple perfect cadences transformed by discord (bar 4)
      • Pedal Bb on trumpet (bars 86-7)
      • Harmonies quite bare
    • Melody
      • Conjunct music (bar 4)
      • Leaps of two octaves
      • Chromatic notes (bar 39)
      • Occasional large leaps
      • Repeated notes (bar 18)
      • Simple balanced phrase structure
      • Ornamental phrases (bar 12)
      • Outlines broken chords
      • Simple diatonic tunes
    • Texture
      • Monophony bars 22-25
      • Simple melody dominated homophony at the beginning
        • Trombone: bass line
        • Trumpet: tune
        • Horn: harmony
      • Various three part textures
      • Sometimes top two instruments join in two part texture
      • Last bar: homorhythm, in octaves

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