Sociology Subcultural Strain Theories of Crime & Deviance 3 (Miller)

?
View mindmap
  • Subcultural Strain Theories of Crime & Deviance 3 (Miller)
    • Miller (1958): Focal Concerns
      • Walter Miller argued that lower classes create their different value system (focal concerns) as a response to the monotony of working class jobs
        • Miller argued working class boys become delinquent because they grow up in a subculture with these values so they are more likely to break the law
          • Therefore, their deviance is a result of their socialisation
      • Focal concerns
        • Trouble (getting into and staying out of it)
        • Fate (things happen to you that is beyond your control, nothing can be done to change that,)
        • Excitement (boredom so it is important to search out thrills)
        • Autonomy (resentment of authority and rules)
        • Smartness (a person should both look good and also be witty with street sense)
        • Toughness (being physically stronger than others and ability to demonstrate this is particularly important)
    • Miller Evaluation
      • Feminists would argue that Miller focal concerns theory gives WC men excuses to commit crimes against women as they may argue that it is a result of the toughness of excitement focal concern
      • Strengths
        • Unlike other strain theorists, Miller does not consider delinquency as a result of people's inability to achieve status through legitimate ways. Instead his focus is on the assumption that there are different sets of values that exist amongst different social classes
      • Weaknesses
        • Miller focuses too much on the lower WC focal concerns and does not explain why not all WC people resort to delinquency

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Subcultural Strain Theories of Crime & Deviance resources »