Sociology / Psychology 2 - SEMESTER 1 & 2

  • Created by: ggmonkey
  • Created on: 10-06-19 20:48
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  • Chronic Illness
    • Social trends in chronic illness
      • Lower classes are more likely to  financial difficulties due to their illness
      • Manual workers are more likely to give up job
    • Crisis approach / labelling theory
      • Societal reaction to illness
      • Some illnesses carry stigma e,g. chirrhosis, HIV
    • Labelling
      • Due to deviation from societal norms
    • Secondary deviance
      • People with an illness change their behaviour due to steriotypes
    • Consequence of  social impairment
      • Restriction of activity
        • Decreased self esteem
          • Isolation and withdrawal from life
            • Lack of confidence and skills
    • Biographical disruption
      • Change in a persons social interaction after diagnosis
        • Adjustments
          • Develop new relationships
          • Adjust to symptoms and treatment
  • Learning and conditioning
    • Classical Conditioning
      • Learning by association
      • Neutral stimulus paired with an unconditioned stimulus
      • Taste aversion learning
      • Systematic desensitisation for fears
    • Operant conditioning
      • Learning by consequences
      • Reward and punishment can be used
      • Primary reinforcer
        • Food water, needed for survival
          • Schedules - Ratio or Interval
            • Money - learned reward
      • Secondary reinforcer
        • Money - learned reward
  • Risky behaviour
    • The probability of a bad outcome
    • We have to make assumptions about correct behaviour
    • Epidemiology identifies risk groups
    • Lay people trnsform numbers into all or nothings
    • Risk society
      • Technical advancement has brought us close to environmental catastrophe
        • Nuclear power
        • Combustion engine
        • GM crops
    • Socially disadvantaged men
      • Prove manhood by drinking and speeding

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