Methodology Mind map Part Three

  • Created by: lc_x
  • Created on: 23-01-18 10:16
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  • Sociology Methodology - Topic One, Part Three
    • Positivists verses Interpretativists
      • P = society is a factual reality, it exists somewhere.   I = we construct reality through meanings in interactions with others
      • P = society exerts influence over its members, shaping their behaviour.      I = actions are based on the meanings we give to situations, not external factors.
      • P = Uses quantitative data to uncover this behaviour.       I = qualitative data used to uncover social actors' meanings within interactions.
      • P = By using quantitative data, they want to find out the objective scientific laws that determine behaviour.      I = By using qualitative data, they want to see subjective understanding of interactions.
      • P = prefer questionnaires, structured interviews, experiments and official data because it is reliable and representative
      • I = prefer participant observation, personal documents and unstructured interviews as it produces valid data.
    • Choice of Topic
      • Theoretical Perspective
        • Whilst New Right would be interested in topics surrounding welfare and employment, Feminists would be interested in domestic violence.
      • Society's values
        • As sociologists are a part of society, they will be influenced by its values. Values change a lot, so the sociologist's research will also change.
      • Funding bodies
        • Research needs funding, usually from the government. As the external body will be providing the money, they will decide which topics to be studied.
      • Practical Factors
        • Inaccessibility to certain situations, making them unable to research a certain topic.
    • Process of Research
      • Aim:Favoured by action theorists because it doesn't impose ideas.
      • Hypothesis: Favoured by positivists as it is a scientific approach
      • Pilot Study
        • Often done before social surveys. Involves making a questionnaire on a small sample. Its aim is to look out for problems.
      • Samples and Studying
        • A smaller sub-group drawn in from the wider group that sociologists are interested in.
          • This is done to ensure that people chosen to be in the study are typical of the representation of the research population.
        • Types of Sampling: Random, Systematic, Statified and Quata.

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