Sociology-Component 1-Section A

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  • Created on: 15-04-19 13:26
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  • Sociology-Component 1-Section A-Culture
    • Culture is the shared ways of life of a society. It is composed of shared norms, values, beliefs, customs etc.
      • It is shared & passed on or transmitted from one generation. This is largely done through socialisation & social control.
    • Culture is socially constructed. Created by society & its members, it is not a fixed, objective thing in its own right. It varies from society to society.
    • It is relative. That means that it varies across time & place. It is because it is socially constructed that it is relative because different societies will construct it differently with different norms & values etc.
      • It is diverse. Cultures can be diverse within a society-intracultural diversity. They can also differ between societies-intercultural diversity.
    • Cultures can be hybridised. Globalisation has contributed to this process because it exposes us to a range of other cultures & has a range of consequences-cultural homogenisation, cultural hybridity, cultural defense/resistance.
    • It can broken down into different types of culture: High culture, Consumer culture, Subcultures, Popular Culture, Global culture, hybrid culture.
    • Functionalists see culture as social cement , binding us together. The shared norms & values provide essential similarities to ensure social integration. The shared norms & values are part of the collective conscience.
    • Marxists see culture as created by the superstructure & simply reflects capitalism. Culture is an aspect of ideology & contains norm & values that reflect ruling class interests. Marxists see global culture as dominated by capitalist values & being spread through a process of cultural imperialism.

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