Sociological Theories

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  • Sociological Theories
    • Functionalism
      • Summary: functionalist see society as a system, each part interlinks with eachother
      • Key Terms/Dates/People/Ideas: Auguste Compte (1798 - 1857) Herbert Spencer (1826 - 1903) Emile Durkheim (19th) Talcott Parsons (20th)
      • + Points: Explains how institutions work with each other.
      • - Points: Doesn't explain conflict. To much order. Can be seen at deterministic.
    • Marxism
      • Key Points: Karl Marx (19th) German Theory. Class divided into 2 classes: Proletariat & Bourgeoisie
  • Summary: Marxist believe that society is based on exploitative and unequal relationships  between 2 classes.
    • Marxism
      • Key Points: Karl Marx (19th) German Theory. Class divided into 2 classes: Proletariat & Bourgeoisie
  • + Points: Deals with causes of conflict in society. Identifies mechanisms of control + oppression in society
    • - Points: Ignores positive aspects of society + causes of consensus.
      • Feminism
        • Sociological Theories
          • Functionalism
            • Summary: functionalist see society as a system, each part interlinks with eachother
            • Key Terms/Dates/People/Ideas: Auguste Compte (1798 - 1857) Herbert Spencer (1826 - 1903) Emile Durkheim (19th) Talcott Parsons (20th)
            • + Points: Explains how institutions work with each other.
            • - Points: Doesn't explain conflict. To much order. Can be seen at deterministic.
        • Summary: The advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social and economical equivalence to men.
        • 1st Wave: Suffragists. Suffragettes
          • 2nd Wave: Germanin Greer (1960's
            • 3rd Wave: 1980's: Naomi Wolf, Judith Butler
        • + Points: Shows causes of conflict + equality in society.
      • - Points: It can ignore positive aspects of women's roles in society.
        • Feminism
          • Summary: The advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social and economical equivalence to men.
          • 1st Wave: Suffragists. Suffragettes
            • 2nd Wave: Germanin Greer (1960's
              • 3rd Wave: 1980's: Naomi Wolf, Judith Butler
          • + Points: Shows causes of conflict + equality in society.
      • New Right
        • Summary: Argues against the nanny state; wants less intervention of government in peoples lives
      • Key Points: William Wilson + Charles Murray influenced Margret Thatcher (UK) Ronald Regan (US)
        • New Right
          • Summary: Argues against the nanny state; wants less intervention of government in peoples lives
      • + Points: Values traditional society. Doesn't allow dependency culture.
        • - Points: Undermines the welfare state.
          • Interactionalism
            • Summary: How individuals act within society.
              • Interactionalism
              • Key Points: Labelling Theory, Self for filling prophecy, Master status. George Herbert Mead, Max Webber
                • + Points: Gives clear explanation of individual relationship within society change over time.
                  • - Points: Complexity of theories can lead to rejection of idea.
                    • Post Modernism
                      • - Points: Challenges all previous methodology on principle rather than evaluation.
                    • Summary: Movement away from modern structuralism.
                      • Post Modernism
                        • - Points: Challenges all previous methodology on principle rather than evaluation.
                    • Key Points: Started after WW2. Rejection of metanarratives. Helas. Baudrillard
                      • + Points: Makes allowance for diversity within social groups.

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