Sociological Concepts

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  • Marxism
    • Karl Marx (Original Thinker) (1927)
      • Alienation Theory
        • 2 types of alienation
          • Product becomes more important than the worker
          • Mode of production
          • Minimum wage
            • Mode of production
          • Worker loses sense of self + identity
            • Minimum wage
            • Instrument of labour
              • Worker loses sense of self + identity
              • False class consciousness
          • Perspectives on the Family
            • Too deterministic + assumes people accept sfamily life + socialisation
            • Fran Ansley - Marxist Feminist (1972)
              • Ignores diversity of women - women have jobs + looks after the family
              • Women provide emotional support for men
                • Safety valve
                  • Women are 'Takers of ****'
                    • Functionalist Talcott Parsons
                      • Warm Bath Theory
                        • Women act  as emotional support and are the caregivers, taking the stress away from men
                • Women act  as emotional support and are the caregivers, taking the stress away from men
          • Perspectives on Education
            • Louis Althusser (1971)
              • Ideological State Apparatus
                • Passes on Bourgeoisie ideology + is the main role in education
                • 2 Ideologies to reproduce the workplace in education
                  • Create an ideology to allow the competiveness between students
                  • Force the Proletariats to conform to authority
            • Samuel Bowles + Herbert Gintis (1976)
              • The Correspondence Principle
                • Norms + values taught in education correspond the workplace
                  • E.g: Uniforms
                • External awards given such as the motivation of qualifications just like the motivation by money rather than the job itself in the workplace
                • Subjects are divided and are separately taught mirroring workers completing a specialist task in factories
                • Theory is outdated because there are less factories today because of globalisation
            • Paul Willis (Neo-Marxist) (1977)
              • Learning to Labour
                • Study of working class boys from the Midlands who called themselves 'The Lads'.
                  • They formed an anti-school subculture, as they rejected school norms + values
                • Undermines the correspondence principle because there are no values + norms because the boys are rejecting them
                • Creates the Hawthorne effect and interviewer  bias because the boys could of acted up in front of Willis more


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