Socio-Economic causes of Rebellion 

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  • Socio-Economic causes of Rebellion
    • Enclosures
      • Kett's Rebellion 1549
        • Most linked to unlawful enclosures
          • Rebel allegations said that landlords had been deliberately obstructing gov comissions investigating unlawful enclosures.
            • Kett himself had an enclosure, but took it down before rebels tore it down and supported them against Flowerdew.
              • Most linked to unlawful enclosures
                • Rebel allegations said that landlords had been deliberately obstructing gov comissions investigating unlawful enclosures.
                  • Kett himself had an enclosure, but took it down before rebels tore it down and supported them against Flowerdew.
        • Pilgrimage of Grace 1536-7
          • Item 13 of Pontefract Articles called for 'statute for enclosures and intakes to be put in executes any enclosures placed since 1489 to be pulled down.
    • Rents
      • Social Issues
    • Parliament voted Henry VII £100k to campaign against France - North felt it unfair as the south should fund.
      • Northumberland, Westmoreland, Cumberland exempted from paying.
      • Yorkshire Rebellion 1489
        • Taxation
          • Cornish Rebellion 1497
            • Parliament voted £60k  to fund war against Scots - Cornwall being southern want punishment from those imposing the tax. They blame John Morton, Lord Chancellor and Reginald Bray, chief advisor.
              • This tax was on top of those pre-set in 1334.
                • The £600k was never collected as war didn't break out.
            • Yorkshire Rebellion 1489
              • Taxation
                • Cornish Rebellion 1497
                  • Parliament voted £60k  to fund war against Scots - Cornwall being southern want punishment from those imposing the tax. They blame John Morton, Lord Chancellor and Reginald Bray, chief advisor.
                    • This tax was on top of those pre-set in 1334.
                      • The £600k was never collected as war didn't break out.
                • Amicable Grant 1525
                  • Non-parliamentary tax ordered to be collected in 1525. Objections were widespread.
                    • Woolsey gained forced loans, and wanted a £800k subsidiary from parliament in 1522 and 1523.
                      • Grave shortage of coin- hence why gov collecting tax. Led to economic distress with unemployment growth and wool prices falling.
                        • Inflation
                • Pilgrimage of Grace 1536
                  • Article 14 on Pontefract Articles asks for removal of Subsidy Act of 1534. Argue that King can only raise taxes in defence of the realm.
          • Amicable Grant 1525
            • Non-parliamentary tax ordered to be collected in 1525. Objections were widespread.
              • Woolsey gained forced loans, and wanted a £800k subsidiary from parliament in 1522 and 1523.
                • Grave shortage of coin- hence why gov collecting tax. Led to economic distress with unemployment growth and wool prices falling.
                  • Inflation
          • Pilgrimage of Grace 1536
            • Article 14 on Pontefract Articles asks for removal of Subsidy Act of 1534. Argue that King can only raise taxes in defence of the realm.

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