Society during Elizabeth I's Reign

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  • Society during Elizabeth I's Reign.
    • Nobility
      • Remained 10% of the population.
      • 51-55 noble families.
      • Less likely to create pears, alike Henry VII.
    • Population increase across the century
      • London: 1520 = 60,000 - 1600 = 200,000.
      • York: 1520 = 8,000 - 1600 = 11,000.
      • 1470 = 1.5 million - 1550 3 million - 1600 = 4 million.
      • Higher in the south-east and London than the north.
    • Gentry
      • Continuing growth in size and status.
      • 500-600 families.
      • Increased education due to printing of books across Europe.
    • Lower classes
      • Around 50% of the rural and urban poor lived at subsistence level.
      • Inflation = 400% across 100 years.
    • Statues of Artificers 1563
      • Tried to reduce vagrancy by enforcing 7 year apprenticeship contracts tied to a specific place enforced by local JP's.
    • Poor Relief Act 1572
      • Compulsory contributions to poor relief organisations organised by parish overseers.
      • Increased punishment for vagrancy to whipping (first offence), also added branding.
    • Poor Law Act 1597
      • Power of overseers more defined.
      • Each county to have a 'house of correction'.
      • JP's to buy raw materials for impotent poor.
      • First time offenders should be whipped, repeat offenders should be executed.
    • Poor Law Act 1601
      • Earlier Laws brought together into one clear Act and reissued.

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