socialism key ideas

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  • Socialism
    • Social Justice (distribution of rewards)
      • Marxists saw capitalism as unjust and unequal
      • Marxists advocate some form of rational distribution
      • Social democrats see inequality as natural/an incentive. THere must, however, be minimum standards of living.
    • Equality
      • Belief in equal rights/ euality of oppurtunity.
      • Socialists disagree upon extent of equality.
      • Stalin wanted absolute equality- equal rewards, regardless of contribution for true equality!
    • Class conflict
      • Capitlaism creates "class conscoiusness" (common interests which conflict
      • Marx (revolutionary) wanted overthrow of capitalism to solve this
      • Social democrats, however, reeject importance of class since growing affluence.
    • Collectivism
      • People prefer to/are more effective at achieving collective goals/action.
      • This is because of optimisticview of human nature, i.e. we aren't selfish.
      • Marxists implement this through a centralised statetaking charge of production.
      • Strong trade unions/ nationalised healthcare/ state education.
    • Common ownership sharing resources)m
      • Collectivism
        • People prefer to/are more effective at achieving collective goals/action.
        • This is because of optimisticview of human nature, i.e. we aren't selfish.
        • Marxists implement this through a centralised statetaking charge of production.
        • Strong trade unions/ nationalised healthcare/ state education.
      • Oppose private property, because it creates inequalities.
      • It would create equal society

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