Soical learning reseach

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  • Social Psychological approaches to aggression
    • Bandura & ross & ross
      • 72 children participants
      • half children exposed to an aggressive model
        • experimental group
        • same-sex role model
        • more likely to show aggressive behaviour
      • half exposed to a non-aggressive model
        • control group
        • different sex model
      • children taken to a play room
        • after a few minutes made to leave to infuriate them
          • after exposed to the bobo doll
      • issues
        • laboratory based research
          • low ecological validity
        • cultural bias
          • one cultural setting
        • Bobo doll was intended for punching
          • knowledge of this would influence the Childs behaviour
            • noble reports that one child said 'look mummy theres the doll we have to hit' after seeing the bobo doll
          • ethical issues for consent as the children were being filmed
            • children learning aggressive behaviour
              • study no longer aloud
                • difficult to test scientific credibility of the theory
      • in variations of this study Bandura showed that rewarding the behaviour of the model encouraged imitation
        • vicarious reinforcement
          • explains behaviour created in the absence of direct reinforcement
        • the fame that comes with wrestling may encourage aggression
          • Jamie bulger
    • also applicable to adults
      • Philips
        • dailt homicide rates in the US increased after the week following a major boxing match
          • the killing of one person by another.
    • explanation of individual differences
      • wolfgang's, 'the culture of violence' theory
      • some cultures sanction violence
        • eg UK
      • other countries model aggressive behaviour
        • eg ISIS in Iraq
          • people not obeying hung in the street


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