social psychological approaches to explain aggression

revision mindmap for social approaches to aggression, hope it helps, feel free to comment/rate this which would be super helpful thankyou! :) 

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  • Created by: Atlanta
  • Created on: 31-12-12 10:35
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  • social psychological approaches to aggression
    • deindividuation
      • occurs when we join a crowd or loss of consciousness self restraint and feel anonymous, lowered fear of evaluation by others.
      • A02 - cultural differences - Robert Watson in 23 societies the warriors that changed their appearance the most were more distructive to their victims
      • A02 - Zimbardo - groups who were anonymous gave shocks twice as long as did identifiable participants to the learner
      • A02/aid - gender bias - males more prone to dis inhibition under deindividuation than females - Cannavale
    • social learning theory
      • Bandura- aggression is learnt through observation of aggressive models, vicarious and direct reinforcement,mental representations and self efficacy.
      • A02 - explains cultural differences -Kung San - agression is not valued and aggression isn't learned through vicarious rein or by models.
      • A02 -Bobo doll studies by Bandura
        • A02 - validity, children were aware of demand characteristicsand people in real life would hit back unlike the doll - lacks  external validity
        • A02 - aggression in absence of direct reinforcement - children never directly rewarded - vicarious
        • A02/AID - unethical to expose children to aggression knowing they may reproduce it
    • institutional aggression
      • importation model - Irwin & Cressey - prisoners bring traits into the prison with them - not blank slates
        • A02 - Support for individual factors (age/race/ect)-Harer and Steffensmeir black inmates had higher rates of violent behavior but lower rates of alcohol/drug related misconduct than white males - parallel radicals
      • Deprivation model - Paterline and Peterson - prisoner/patient aggression is a product of the conditions of the institution such as over crowding and staff experience.
        • A02 - McCorkle et al found lack of privacy and lack of meaningful activity significantly influenced peer violence
          • A02 - However reseach is inconsistent - in psychiactric institutes Nijman et al found that increased personal space failed to decrease aggression and violence among paitents.
      • dehumanisation - target groups are dehumanisedso they seem worthless and  unworthy of moral consideration
        • A02/RWA - O'brian may explain violence against immigrants, seen by some as 'polluting threats to social order.'
  • occurs when we join a crowd or loss of consciousness self restraint and feel anonymous, lowered fear of evaluation by others.
  • A02 - cultural differences - Robert Watson in 23 societies the warriors that changed their appearance the most were more distructive to their victims
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Comments

MrsMacLean

A lovely and colourful summary of Social Psychological approaches to aggression - you can use Institutional Aggression as an explanation by itself or incorporate some of the evidence to build up an argument for social psychological theories.

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