- Social Influence
- Contacted 22 nurses. Claiming to be a doctor and told them to give the patient twice the maximum dose of a drug called Astrofen
- To see if people would follow an unreasonable order in their normal work environment
- Of the 22, 21 were prepared to follow the orders.
- Following the orders of someone we believe to have authority.
- Nurses are likely to obey the instructions of a doctor even when there may be bad consequences,
- Socialisation, legitimate authority, buffers and not feeling responsible are all factors effecting obedience
- Bystander Intervention
- Bystander apathy is doing nothing in an emergency when someone is in need of help
- To see if people are less likely to react in an emergency when others are present.
- Had participants sit in a room and fill out a questionnaire either alone or in groups of 3's,
- Then had the room fill with smoke.
- 75% of those alone went to tell somebody but only 38% of people in a group did within six minutes.
- If there are other people around you, it will make it less likely that you will react in an emergency.
- A change in people's behaviour/ opinions due to group pressure
- Need to liked and need to be right (Causes of conformity)
- Participants were shown 4 sets of lines, an had to say which line a,b or c was the same length as the test line. First tested alone then in a group which were confedrates
- 32% of people gave the incorrect answers when the rest of group gave the incorrect answer. 74% all gave at least one incorrect answer
- To find out if people could be influenced by other people in order to give an incorrect answer.
- Those who gave incorrect answers knew they were incorrect but didn't want to go against the group. This clearly demonstrates conformity
- Immediately in New York people began taking parts of the car, within 2 weeks there was not much left. In Palo Alto it was only touched to put the bonnet down
- Parked a car with the bonnet up, to look as though broken down. And observed passers by.
- The deindividuation caused by living in a big city leads to an increase in antisocial behaviour.
- To see if people in a big city behave more antisocial than people in a small town
- Being able to hide one's identity, wearing a uniform and being part of a gang or clearly identifiable group are factors effecting it.
- The state of losing our sense of identity and becoming less aware of our responsibilities.
- Social Loafing
- Factors that affect it are the size of the group, the nature of the task and which culture you're apart of.
- Putting less effort into doing something when you are with others doing the same task.
- People put less effort into doing something when they know others are contributing effort to the same task than they would alone.
- The larger the group size the less noise the participants made
- Asked 84 participants to shout and clap as loudly as possible individually or in groups of 6. All wore headphones so they couldn't hear it.
- To see whether being in a group would have an effect on how much effort participants put into a task.
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