Social Learning Theory

  • Created by: Beverley
  • Created on: 17-04-13 19:05
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  • Social Learning Theory (SLT)
    • Research Methods
      • observational, learning from models
    • Mediating Cognitive Factors
      • Stage 2 : Memory
      • Stage 3: Assessment of own ability
      • Stage 1: Attention
      • Stage 4: Observed consequences
    • Basic Assumption
      • behavior is learnt through observations and imitiation
      • people will copy behavior of those being rewarded and not those being punished
      • vacarious reinforcement increases the likelihood of imitation
        • reinforcement doesn't need to be direct
      • Mental or cognitive processes are essential
    • Evaluation
      • Strengths
        • uses scientific methods or experimentation to study people
        • applied to understanding media violence, health psychology and treatment of mental disorders
        • less mechanistic view than behaviorism
        • Cognitive processes taken into account
      • Limitations
        • doesn't take into account the role of biology and genetics in agression
        • lacks ecological validity; artificial experiment in a lab using a bobo doll
          • difficult to generalize to everyday lives
        • ignores personality differences e.g. introversion and extroversion
    • Application
      • modelling to change behavior
    • Case Studies
      • Bandura et all (1961)
        • Aim:  demonstrate observational or imitative learning
        • Method: one group of children put in a room with an aggressive behaving adult and a bobo doll (adult hit doll with a hammer) other group was put in with a subdued non-aggressive adult
          • Continued.... each child then put in playroom with toys, hammer and a bobo doll. recorded number of aggressive behaviors made to doll
        • Results: Those who watched the aggressive adult behaved more aggressively compared with those with a non-aggressive adult. Boys were generally more aggressive than girls
        • Conclusion: exposure to a model behaving aggressively results in observational learning and aggressive behavior


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