Social Learning Theory (Gender)

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  • Social Learning Theory Explanation
    • Gender occurs due to child's social experiences
      • Gender is learnt from others.
        • Gender differences due to differing treatment of sexes
        • Observational Learning
      • Gender identity gained through identifying with same sex models
    • Acquiring Gender Roles
      • Attention
        • Observing someone display a behaviour
        • Modelling
          • Where a model demonstrates a gender appropriate behaviour
            • Role Model
              • Live Model
                • eg. Parent/Friend
              • Symbolic Model
                • eg. TV/Book Character
              • To be a role model, person must identify with them
                • Identification
                  • Individual associates with views, qualities and characteristics of another
                    • Better identification with same sex models
            • Model
              • Person demonstrating
          • Can occur intentionally or unintentionally
      • Retention
        • Storing observed behaviours
    • Performing Gender Roles
      • Motor Reproduction
        • Imitation
          • Consciously copying a behaviour
          • Imitation more likely when model is identified with
            • Gender related behaviour copied if role model is gender appropriate
      • Motivation
        • Having reason and desire to display behaviour
        • Reinforcement
          • Motivates imitation
          • Positive Reinforcement
            • Behaviour more likely to happen again if there are positive consequences
              • Reward for gender appropriate behaviour
          • Negative Reinforcement
            • Behaviour less likely to happen again if there are negative consequences
              • Punishment for gender inappropriate behaviour
          • Vicarious Reinforcement
            • Seeing another individual receive reinforcement for gender related behaviour
    • ESSAY
      • Always relate to (learning) gender appropriate behaviours
        • Female
          • Mothers pushing prams, girls wearing dresses
        • Male
          • Fathers mowing lawn or boys playing football


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