social influence on gender

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  • Created by: Robyn
  • Created on: 14-01-14 13:40
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  • Social influence on gender
    • Social learning theory
      • Bandura
      • behaviour acquired through observation
        • modelling
      • copy what they see as rewarded
        • vicarious reinforcement
    • social cognitive theory
      • Bandura
        • further developed SLT
      • 3 modes of influence
        • modelling
        • enactive representation
        • directive tuition
      • modelling
        • involves cognitive representations
          • of modeled activity
        • abstractions of underlying rules
          • of modeled activity
        • children must be able to class males and female first
          • recognise similarities in behaviours
        • do not perform everything they see
      • Direct tuition
        • explicit instructions
        • begins as child acquires linguistic skills
        • styles of conduct taught
        • tuition weakened by hypocracy
          • model what preach or it fails
    • Sources of influence
      • parents
        • people have fixed view of gender beghaviour
          • parents especially strong
        • reinforcement is differential between genders
        • fathers=- more negative than mothers for 'feminine toy play'
          • Idle, 1993
      • peers
        • peers= model and feedback source
          • Bandura, 1999
        • children associate with same- gender groups
          • same gender activities
          • punished otherwise
            • same gender activities
      • media
        • stereotypes
        • males= independent, directive and engaging occupations
          • control
        • females= dependent, unambitious and emotional
          • mercy of others
        • gives possible outcomes of wrong gender behaviour
          • success rare
            • increases self-efficacy
          • increases self-efficacy
          • failure
            • self- doubt
          • self- doubt
  • Enactive representation
    • social cognitive theory
      • Bandura
        • further developed SLT
      • 3 modes of influence
        • modelling
        • enactive representation
        • directive tuition
      • modelling
        • involves cognitive representations
          • abstractions of underlying rules
            • children must be able to class males and female first
              • recognise similarities in behaviours
            • do not perform everything they see
          • Direct tuition
            • explicit instructions
            • begins as child acquires linguistic skills
            • styles of conduct taught
            • tuition weakened by hypocracy
              • model what preach or it fails
        • gain of mobility= ability act on environment
        • experience related to activity
        • increased number and variations of social reactions
          • experience from those around them
        • social reaction reinforce and important sources of info

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