Social Identity Theory Describe and Evaluate

Everything you'd need to know to answer a 12 mark descirbe and evaluate on Social Identity Theory, according to edexcel exam board at AS level.

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  • Created by: Xanthe
  • Created on: 08-03-14 18:17
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  • Social Identity Theory: Describe and Evaluate
    • Evaluate
      • Strengths
        • What it explains
          • How violence and discrimination between groups occurs
          • Structure of social groups
        • Application
          • Can be used to identify and prevent group violence e.g. football riots/ Hutus vs Tootsies
        • Supporting Studies
          • Sherrif et al
            • Showed extreme prejudice between two camp groups even before competition was introduced
              • Matched pairs participant design meant that the study was not generalisable
            • Sherrif et al
              • Matched pairs participant design meant that the study was not generalisable
          • Tajfel
            • Found in group/out group dynamics occur with IG favoritism and OG punishment
              • Small sample group from one school mean that the results were not generalisable
            • Tajfel
              • Small sample group from one school mean that the results were not generalisable
      • Weaknesses
        • Criticisms of supporting studies
          • Sherrif et al
            • Tajfel
            • Opposing theories
              • Realistic Conflict Theory
                • For in/out group and discrimination to occur, there must be competition
            • What it does not explain
              • Why violence or conflict stops
              • Why in some cases it never occurs despite conflicting groups
        • Describe
          • Social Categorisation
            • Dividing people into groups based on common factors
          • Social Identification
            • Overtly identifying with a group to which a person believes they belong
          • Social Comparison
            • Comparing social groups with the opinion that yours is the best one
              • Leads to...
                • Prejudice
                  • Discrimination
                • Discrimination
                • Stereotypes
                  • Prejudice
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