Social Distribution of Health and Illness

Here is a mindmap covering the basic ideas of the Social Distribution of Health and Illness for AQA AS Sociology of Health.

I did this as a revision tool for myself, but I thought I would share it. I hope it can help you!

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  • Created by: Geraldine
  • Created on: 28-12-12 11:16
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  • Social Distribution of Health and Illness
    • Social Class
      • Black Report
        • The Artefact Approach
          • The lowest class is a small and declining group
          • It's pointless to compare the lowest class to higher ones
            • Other reports have combined the lowest social classes
              • People in the lowest social class have the poorest health
          • People in the lowest social class have the poorest health
        • Natural and social selection
          • Social class does not influence your health
          • Your health influences your social class
        • Behavioural and cultural explanations
          • Individual lifestyle is the greatest factor in health
            • WC more likely to smoke, drink and have worse diets
          • WC are to blame for worse health due to their lifestyles
        • Materialistic and structural factors
          • Low health due to lack of money and conditions
            • Lower income leading to poorer diets
            • Poor housing leading to contracting illnesses
            • Poor working conditions leading to risk of injury
          • Working class are victims of an unfair society
    • Gender
      • Why do women suffer more illness?
        • Stress
          • Triple shift
            • Paid Work
            • Work at home
            • Dealing with emotional issues
              • More health concious
              • Visit doctors on children's behalf
        • Poverty
          • Single parenthood
          • Earning less money
          • Worse pension
        • Do they really suffer more?
          • Women
            • More health concious
            • Visit doctors on children's behalf
          • Men
            • Less likely to visit doctors
            • Are expected to be strong
    • Ethnicity
      • James Nazroo (1997)
        • Indian and Pakistani backgrounds suffer more heart disease
        • Most minority ethnic groups have a higher rate of morbidity
        • African-Caribbeans more likely to be admitted to mental hospitals
      • Biological Explanations
        • Different ethnicities may have higher genetical risk of illness
      • Rasicm
        • Can lead to unemployment, excessive working, leadint to illness
      • Cultural and behavioural explanations
        • Cultural diets for example may cause greater risk of illness
      • Materialistic and structural explanations
        • Minority ethnic groups are more likely to experience poor working, housing conditions for example
    • Age and Region
      • Shaw et al. (1999)
        • North/South devide
          • Infant mortality rate is twice as high in unhealthy areas
        • Infant mortality rate is twice as high in unhealthy areas
      • Elderly
        • Expectations of health are increasing
        • Population of people over 65 is increasing
        • Medical knowledge is improving
          • Population of people over 65 is increasing

Comments

wngono

A great summary of the distribution of health and illness which is comprehensive and easy to follow identifying the key aspects within the topic. Great use of key terminology and good links made. Excellent 

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