Social Class in Education: External Factors

A map showing theorists and theories about the external factors affecting social class in education

  • Material Deprivation
  • Cultural Deprivation
  • Cultural Capital
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  • Social Class in Education External Factors
    • Material Deprivation
      • Marilyn Howard
        • Poor health and housing mean the W/C attend less school.
      • Tess Ridge
        • Studied 'Bella' in an unstructured interview, she rejected free school meals because she had been "bullied enough"
      • Reay et al
        • The W/C apply for local universities as they worry about debt.
        • The M/C don't worry about debt and apply to the best universities.
      • Smith & Noble
        • The W/C have 'Barriers to Learning'- they can't afford things needed to succeed
      • Callander & Jackson
        • The W/C are 'debt averse' whilst the middle class don't worry about debt.
    • Cultural Capital
      • Sharon Gewirtz
        • Parents
          • Privileged Skilled Choosers
            • M/C who have knowledge and money to send their children to the best schools
          • Semi-Skilled Choosers
            • W/C who value their child's education but lack knowledge
          • Disconnected local choosers
            • W/C who don't value education so send their children to local schools
      • Dan Moynihan
        • W/C don't achieve because of norms & values
          • Benefit culture creating the "cultural deprivation cycle"
      • Pierre Bourdieu
        • The M/C have knowledge to manipulate the system
      • Ball et al
        • The Education Reform Act gave M/C advantage to impress at events etc,
    • Cultural Deprivation
      • JWB Douglas
        • W/C parents don't care about their child's education
        • Only M/C parents go to parent's meetings
  • Cultural Deprivation
    • JWB Douglas
      • W/C parents don't care about their child's education
      • Only M/C parents go to parent's meetings
  • W/C= Working Class
  • M/C= Middle Class

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