Social Beliefs + Attitudes 2

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  • Created on: 17-05-15 06:23
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  • Social Beliefs + Attitudes 2
    • C) Explaining the Social World
      • Attribution Theory
        • Heidar (1958)
        • Madeleine Mcann
          • If behaviour was freely chosen, unusual, socially desirable or serves interests of said person = internal cause more likely
          • Jones & Davis (1965)
        • Refers to the analysis of how we explain people's behaviour + what we infer from it
        • We infer people's behaviour to be a result of either internal or external reasons. Missattribution can occur
          • Situational Attributions
          • Dispositional Attributions
        • Kelley (1973)
          • Consistency
            • Does Edwards always have trouble with his computer
          • Distinctiveness
            • Is it just this computer or all computers
          • Consensus
            • Do others have a similar problem?
          • 3 factors lead us to deciding internal or external causes
      • The Fundamental Attribution Effor
        • Aka Correspondence/Actor-observer Bias
        • Fidel Castro Study
          • Jones & Harris(1967)
          • Regardless of whether or not they were assigned, Pro Castro were assigned pro castro attributes
          • Ppts were told students giving a speech supporting or hating on Castro either chose or were assigned role
        • We overestimate people's personality traits and underestimate the impact of the situation on them when attributing a cause for their behavious
        • Ross (1977)
        • Why does it occur?
          • If ppts were shown a tape of a prisoner confessing, we may see it as genuine
          • If the camera is focused on the detective, we may see it as coerced
          • Lassiter et al (2002)
          • We focus/perceived different elements when judging ourselves vs others
        • Cultural Differences
          • Individualistic cultures tend to attribute cause to the individual
          • Collectivist cultures attribute cause to the situation
          • Sports Articles in newspapers in China & America were compared
            • In China, emphasis was on situational factors leading to loses or victories, whilst in America it was the opposit
            • Lee et al (1996)
    • D) Judgements + Expectations
      • Self fulfilling prophecies occur
        • Judgements affect the way we act towards others
        • This creates the behaviou in others that we  expected to see
      • Bloomers
        • Rosenthal & Jacobson (1966)
        • Children were tested  using an intelligence test
        • Teachers were told that some were bloomers when infact they were all the same
        • IQ tests revealed that the Bloomers had improved most due to teacher expectation


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