British Social History 1955-75

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  • Social Attitudes 1955-75
    • Social Status
      • demise of deference
        • Profumo scandal leads public to question morals of MPs
        • Social satire becomes popular (TWTWTW)
          • censorship
            • state had firm control over the media until 1960s, 1959 saw obscene publications act
            • books like chatterly were published, films like Alfie made, plays like hair
              • sexual revolution
                • contraceptive pill available in 1961 seen to create more promiscuity but was only available to married women and helped them job
                  • 60s saw the divorce act and rise in feminism, some women worked in shops and offices and more were unhappy to stay at home
                • family planning more widely available and used
                • minority of newlyweds had other sexual partners (gorer survey)
                • little rise in unmarried mothers
                • many legal changes in the sixties did not take affect until seventies
            • Mary Whiithouse campaigned against immoral stuff on TV like poor people in manchester
            • "real" problems shown on TV, greater class acceptance
              • Class
                • WW2 had a positive effect on class relations due to a common experience and more social welfare from labour
                  • demise of deference
                    • Profumo scandal leads public to question morals of MPs
                    • Social satire becomes popular (TWTWTW)
                      • censorship
                        • state had firm control over the media until 1960s, 1959 saw obscene publications act
                        • books like chatterly were published, films like Alfie made, plays like hair
                          • sexual revolution
                            • contraceptive pill available in 1961 seen to create more promiscuity but was only available to married women and helped them job
                              • 60s saw the divorce act and rise in feminism, some women worked in shops and offices and more were unhappy to stay at home
                            • family planning more widely available and used
                            • minority of newlyweds had other sexual partners (gorer survey)
                            • little rise in unmarried mothers
                            • many legal changes in the sixties did not take affect until seventies
                        • Mary Whiithouse campaigned against immoral stuff on TV like poor people in manchester
                        • "real" problems shown on TV, greater class acceptance
                          • Class
                            • WW2 had a positive effect on class relations due to a common experience and more social welfare from labour
                      • Harold wilson was a fun loving PM who gave the beatles an MBE
                      • young people went against the establishment with acts of rebellion, dressing differently and listening to different music
          • Harold wilson was a fun loving PM who gave the beatles an MBE
          • young people went against the establishment with acts of rebellion, dressing differently and listening to different music
        • Race
          • Post WW2 vast migration from caribean, migrants face racism and hostility
          • Notting Hill riots 1958 show vast racism
          • Rivers of blood speech 1968 show concern for race relations
          • In 1970s most had assimilated and was part of pop culture
            • 1962 commonwealth immigrations act restricted access to UKd
        • Family Attitudes
          • roles of women
            • women were expected to be homemakers, they were the minority in higher education and those with jobs were paid less
            • 70s had equal pay act and saw a rise in women in politics and education, but still learning traditional subjects and stereotypes still enforced
          • single mothers
            • help was available, but social attitudes stopped people accessing them- unmarried mothers were treated like prostitutes and sent to homes
          • divorce
            • before 69 divorce could only be granted if one committed adultery
            • reform act allowed no-fault divorce after a marriage
            • divorce rates almost triple 68-72
          • abortion
            • backstreet abortions dangerous and cost NHS (abortion illegal but private clinics open for rich)
            • 1967 abortion legalized due to pratical costs and social pressures
            • attitudes dont really change until 70s when numbers triple
          • teenagers
            • end of austerity meant more free time for young people
            • influenced by different cultures and , strating to buy cinema tickets, music and make up made for them
        • Sexuality
          • homosexuality
            • in fifties seen as a crime because of immorality and blackmail
            • wolfenden report into legalizing it in 1957 said society should respect private lives
            • law change in 1967 to allow men over 21 to do it in private, due to fear of being accused and to promote "treatments"
        • Legal changes
          • death penalty
            • abolished in 69 against the views of the masses
            • it opened up debate about mental illness and morality

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