AS Social Psychology

  • Created by: evievie
  • Created on: 21-02-17 07:48
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  • Social psychology-AS
    • Theories of obedience
      • Agency Theory
        • Developed by Milgram
        • 2 mental states
          • Autonomous: responsible for our own behaviour
          • Agentic: agent of someone else's will (authority figure)
        • Moral strain: when we have conflicting urges
        • Obedience is a survival trait
      • Social Impact thoery
        • developed by Latane
        • 1. Social Force: pressure is effected by strength, immediacy and number
        • 2. Psychological Law: first source has the most dramatic impact on people, b u the second/third sources generate less of an impact
        • 3. Divisions of impact: social force gets spread out between all who it's been directed at (diffusion of responsibility)
    • Milgrams study (1963)
      • Aim: to see if obedience is changed by the power of authority even if the command is destructive
      • Procedure: told how punishments affects learning, drew lots to see who would be the teacher (fixed), learner strapped into 'electric chair' and tested 45V, read questions and reached 300V, debriefed after
      • Findings: 100%-300V, 65%-45V
      • Milgrams Variations
        • #7 Absent authority: the experimenter gives the p's their instratthe start and then leaves. Findings: 22.5%-450V
        • #10 Institutional Context: Milgram moved the experiment from a university to an office block. Findings: 45.5%-450V
        • #13 Ordinary authority figure: Called the formal experimenter away and left an ordinary man to give instructions. Findings: 20%-450V
    • Theories of prejudice
      • Realistic Conflict Theory
        • Sherif
        • People identify with groups (ingroups). Negative views of other groups (outgroups)
        • Conflict can be reduced through seeking a superordinate goal
        • Robbers Cave
          • 22 11 y/o boys placed in a summer camp
          • A: to find out which factors make 2 groups develop hostile relationships how hostility can be reduced
          • P: Ingroup formation lasts a week-complete 11 tasks, Friction phase involved a tournament, Integration phase involved fixing cars together and watching films
          • F: required little encouragement to be competitive, each shared task led to reduced hostility
          • Classic Study
            • Realistic Conflict Theory
              • Sherif
              • People identify with groups (ingroups). Negative views of other groups (outgroups)
              • Conflict can be reduced through seeking a superordinate goal
              • Robbers Cave
                • 22 11 y/o boys placed in a summer camp
                • A: to find out which factors make 2 groups develop hostile relationships how hostility can be reduced
                • P: Ingroup formation lasts a week-complete 11 tasks, Friction phase involved a tournament, Integration phase involved fixing cars together and watching films
                • F: required little encouragement to be competitive, each shared task led to reduced hostility
                • Classic Study
        • Social Identity Theory
          • Untitled
      • Contemporary Study
        • Burger(2009)
          • A:To find out if the same results as Milgrams (1963) study re-occur when the study is replicated with modern participants
          • P: Replicate Milgram. Participants gave 15V instead of 45V. Baseline 150V
          • F: 70% went to the baseline of 150V
          • C: Milgrams results still stand today
      • Key Question
        • How can knowledge of social psychology be used to reduce prejudice in situations such as crowd behaviour or rioting?

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