Social Policy (2)

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  • Social Policy and Education
  • Schools catered for each students ability
    • Tripartite System
      • More academic students could go to schools that would help them succeed.
      • Aimed at abolishing class-based differences although it deepened the social divide.
      • mainly ethnic minorities that ended up in secondary moderns as they suffered from deprivation.
      • 75% of pupils who attended secondary moderns were seen as failures.
      • 12% of students could get into grammar schools.
      • Working-class talent was being wasted and the system was producing to few skilled workers.
  • Grammar schools
    • Up until 1965 you had to pay to attend a grammar school.
    • Mainly catered for the middle and upper class.
  • Comprehen-sive schools
    • All students of backgrounds and abilities can be educated in a single school.
    • By 1975, 90% of schools were comprehensive
    • Catchment areas were put in place for admissions.
    • Large class sizes dragged down the able students.
  • New Right and education
    • Competition meant pupils were being taught how to pass exams.
    • They wanted National prosperity and believed  competitive economy required competitive schools
    • Successful schools would gather momentum to succeed more.
    • Polices were to reduce social inequality/
    • Marketisation meant some schools got less funding
  • Aimed at combating youth un-employment
    • Vocational education
      • Increase young people's skills and make them ready for the world of work.
      • Cohen - creating 'good' attitudes and work discipline rather providing skills.
        • Finn - hidden political agenda to provide cheap labour.
          • Buswell - structured to reproduce gender inequality


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