Social Learning Theory AO2/3

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  • Created by: ew12342
  • Created on: 11-02-16 20:17
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  • Social Learning Theory AO3
    • Research Support
      • Bandura repeated the study and offered rewards to all the children for performing the model's aggressive behaviours.
        • In this case, all three groups performed a similar number of imitative acts.
        • This shows that learning does take place regardless of reinforcements but that production of behaviours is related to selective reinforcements.
      • Applicability to adults
        • The studies on this spread have involved children, and not adults.
        • Philips found that daily homicide rates in the US almost almost always increased the week following a major boxing match.
        • This suggests that viewers were imitating behaviour they watched and that social learning is evident in adults as well as children.
    • Strengths
      • A major strength of SLT is that it can explain aggressive behaviour in the absence of direct reinforcement
        • Consequently the concept of vicarious reinforcement is necessary to explain these findings.
      • Bandura's participants behaved more aggressively after observing an aggressive model, but they were not directly rewarded for nay action.
        • A major strength of SLT is that it can explain aggressive behaviour in the absence of direct reinforcement
          • Consequently the concept of vicarious reinforcement is necessary to explain these findings.
      • It can also explain differences in the aggressive and non-aggressive behaviour between an within individuals.
    • Cultural Differences
      • Social learning theory can be used to explain cultural differences in aggression.
      • !Kung San - when two chldren argue or fight, parents neither reward nor punish them,but physically seperate them and distract their attention.
      • Parents do not use physical punishment and it is avoided by adults, and it is devalued by society as a whole.
      • This means there is little opportunity or motivation for !Kung San children to acquire aggressive behaviours.
    • Validity
      • It is possible that the children in Banduras study were subject to demand characteristics
      • However, responding to this, Bandura produced a film of a young woman beating a live clown. When the children went into another room and a clown was there, they proceeded to punch, kick and hit him.
    • Ethical Issues
      • Ethical issues make it difficult to test SLT experimentally.
      • Exposing children to aggressive behaviour with the knowledge they may reproduce it in their own behaviour concerns the need to protect them from psychological and physical harm.
      • This means it is difficult to test a hypothesis about social learning of aggression in children, and consequently difficult to establish the scientific credibility of the theory by this means.

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