Social Learning Theory

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  • Social Learning Theory
    • key chracteristics
      • all behaviour is learned from the environment
      • occurs though observation and reinforcement
      • personality is not genetically programmed and changes depending on the situation
    • factors affecting the likelihood of observation occurring
      • significant other / role model
      • if the role model is the same gender as you
      • if the role model is powerful and authoritative
      • if you are part of a new group - adopt the norms of new group
    • Strengths
      • provides an explanation as to why people behave differently in certain situations
      • may explain why young people develop an interest in sport - role models
    • weaknesses
      • free will - we don't copy everything we see and have the ability to choose which behaviours to adopt
      • doesn't take into account genetically inherited factors and states that all behaviours are learnt through observation
    • influence on performance
      • positive - watch and imitate a positive role model who demonstrates that they train hard and play fair
      • negative - watch and imitate a negative role model who demonstrates unsporting behaviour and lack of effort
    • influence on participation
      • positive - the role model is positive they are more likely to participate in a BAHL
      • negative - the role model is negative they are more likely to give up and not participate in a BAHL


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